Claudia Goldin, a Harvard professor, has been awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for her groundbreaking research on women's progress in the workforce. She is the third woman to win the economics Nobel and the first to receive it solely. Ms. Goldin, who became the first woman to be offered tenure in Harvard's economics department in 1989, has been recognized for her extensive research into female employment and the gender wage gap. Her work, which spans over 200 years of labor market outcomes in the United States, has shed light on historical trends and their implications for the current job market. The Nobel committee praised her for bringing societal implications to the forefront through her discoveries. The economics prize, established in 1968, is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in memory of Alfred Nobel.